Muslims will soon be celebrating their most holy festival of the year this month as the second Eid, Eid al-Adha, approaches.
Many may be confused since Eid has already come and gone once this year, but the second Eid coming up this month marks another important celebration.
Eid al-Fitr saw dedicated Muslims fast for a total of 40 days during Ramadan, in the footsteps the prophet Mohammed.
Eid al-Adha marks a festival of sacrifice, where animals are killed and served to families, friends, and the poor.
When is Eid al-Adha in the UK?
Eid al-Adha takes place on a different date every year, as the western Gregorian calendar and the Islamic calendar operate on different cycles.
The Gregorian calendar relies on the cycles of the sun to create dates, while the Islamic calendar relies on the lunar cycle instead.
This means the two calendars are perpetually misaligned, and the dates for both Eid celebrations are different every year.
The official start date of Eid usually begins when the Crescent Moon is sighted, which has not happened yet.
Instead, the best way to understand the date of Eid comes from a prediction based on last year’s date.
Misalignment of the two calendars provides a useful measuring stick for when the next date will be, as they generally occur 11 days earlier each year.
Last year’s date for Eid was September 1, which means that by prediction, Eid in the UK will fall in just under two weeks on August 21.
How do Muslims celebrate Eid?
Eid al-Adha marks an important event in Islamic scripture, when the prophet Abraham was ordered to sacrifice his greatest possession by God.
Abraham complied, meaning that he was to sacrifice his own son at the word of the lord.
As he was about to do so, God switched his son with a goat, as reward for obeying his words.
The goat was sacrificed in the stead of his son, and Muslims celebrate this each year.
During Eid al-Fitr, Muslims sacrifice an animal of their choosing (usually a cow or goat) before cooking and dividing it into three parts.
The three parts are then distributed between the poor, friends and neighbours, and the family that cooked it.
During this time, some Muslims may also undergo pilgrimage to Mecca, as all able-bodied men and women are expected to do so in their lifetimes.
Muslims will dress in their finest clothes while they celebrate, and inSaudi Arabia are given nine official days off work.